Varma, Civil Engineering drawing and House Planning, Khanna Publishers, Delhi. Gurucharan Singh, Subhash Chander Sharma, Civil Engineering drawing, Standard Publishers distributors, Delhi.
Module 2 Vector Integral Calculus Line, surface and volume Integrals – work done by a force along a path – Application of Green’s theorem, Stokes theorem and Gauss divergence theorem. Derivations of dimensionless parameters, Froude’s, Reynold’s, Webber, Mach numbers. L., Fluid Mechanics, Mc Graw Hill, International Students Edition. Combined bending and direct stresses: Core of different sections- wind pressure on structures.
Module 4 Flow through pipes: Laminar and Turbulent flow – Reynold’s experiment, loss of head due to friction, Darcy – Weishbach Equation, Other energy losses in pipes. Module 4 Stresses due to torsion: Torsion of solid and hollow circular shafts- power transmitted-stresses due to axial thrust-bending and torsion.